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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3299\margr3249\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3299\margrsxn3249\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1033 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 zio{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw0 RESULTS OF THE GREEK CONTACT}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Indians, who had translated it into their own language and modes of expression." This is further corroborated \expndtw1 by Plutarch and .ZElian, but there is hardly any basis for \expndtw7 such assertions except some superficial similarities \expndtw4 between the legends of Greece and those of India. For \expndtw-1 instance, the main theme of the \i Ramayapa \i0 curiously offers \expndtw4 a parallel to the story of the \i Iliad. \i0 Similarly, although \expndtw3 Greek plays may have been staged in places like Sakala \expndtw4 and other centres of Greek power, we have really no \expndtw5 evidence to warrant the assumption that Indian drama \expndtw6 owes much to the Greek. The term \i Yavanika \i0 merely denoted a curtain of Greek fabric, and other resembl\-\expndtw8 ances also are doubtless mostly fortuitous.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi475\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 In the realm of astronomy Indians were certainly \expndtw4 indebted to the Greeks. Thus says the \i Gargi-Samhita: \i0\expndtw14 "The Yavanas are barbarians yet the science of \expndtw13 astronomy originated with them, and for this they \expndtw10 must be reverenced like gods." Indian astronomy \expndtw3 preserves a number of Greek terms; and, of course, the \i\charscalex93\expndtw0 HLomaka \i0 and \i Pattlzsa Siddhdntas \i0 bear obvious traces of \charscalex100\expndtw3 Greek influences. As to astrology, Indians had some \expndtw9 knowledge of it, but they are said to have borrowed from Babylon the art of divining the future by means \expndtw5 of the stars.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi468\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 It is difficult to say how far these Indo-Greeks \expndtw3 affected the development of Indian art and architecture. \expndtw8 Not one notable piece of sculpture belonging to the \expndtw5 period of Demetrios and Menander has so far been \expndtw3 unearthed,\super 1\nosupersub  but the later Gandhara school, depicting on \expndtw9 stone scenes from the life of the Buddha, is beyond \expndtw3 doubt inspired by Hellenic ideals. Similarly, no Greek building in India has come to light, save the unembel-lished walls of some houses and a temple at Taxila with}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi389\ri22\sb360\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1\nosupersub  Some pieces of Greek sculpture that have come to light are \expndtw0 "the head of a Dionysos and the child with its finger to its lips" \expndtw-1 (see also \i A.S.I., \i0 1914-15, pp. 13 f).}\par }